When a car EV charger is charging a battery, it could be measured in minutes, hours, or tens of hours. It depends on several factors, including the level of the charging station and the size of the battery. The highest level chargers can do the same job as the others in a fraction of the time, but these are expensive options.
Level of Charger
There are three levels of charging stations for electric vehicles. The third level is broken into DC Fast Charging and (Tesla) Supercharging. Each level brings particular capabilities.
Level 1 chargers employ a common 120-volt outlet, so they can be plugged into an outlet in your garage or outside of the house. Every model of EV and PHEV can charge through a Level 1 charging station, but it is the slowest way to charge, with a charging speed of 3-5 miles per hour.
Level 2 charging stations are the most commonly used. They can be (and often are) installed in high-traffic areas, such as restaurants, shopping malls, and near highways, and can charge at 12-18 miles per hour. Both Level 1 & 2 charging stations are being made available by employers, on location, with ever-greater frequency.
Level 3 chargers are the fastest, boasting a charging speed of 3-20 miles per minute. These employ DC current rather than AC and use so much voltage that they cannot be used in homes.
Your Battery Size
Batteries are measured in kilowatt-hours (kWh), which is the measure of energy used by an appliance if it were to run for one hour. If you have an electric motor rated at 200 kilowatts at a peak power output that ran for 30 minutes, you will use 100 kWh of energy. When it comes to battery size, the larger the kWh rating, the further you can travel on one charge.
An EV battery charging cable is essential for charging, but it doesn’t mean that you’ll get a fast charge. The problem with large EV batteries is that when they’re using Level 1 charging capacities, they can take a lot longer to charge.
How Long, Then, Does It Take for Your Electric Vehicle to Charge?
The short answer is that it depends on a few variables. An EV battery charger will operate according to its level, but that’s only one factor. It depends on the size of the battery, the amount of charge that is currently in the battery, and even the weather. The maximum charging rate of the vehicle as well as the maximum charging rate of the ChargePoint.
You can expect that as the EV and PHEV industry continues to grow, more resources will be put into all aspects of the industry, including how to create the circumstances for more efficient charging times. As this happens, if it mirrors any other technology, you can expect those charging times to drop significantly. Visit an online auto parts store to see the latest in EV charging cables or to inquire about any EV or PHEV questions that you have.